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Mahjong is a Chinese game for four players. The game may seem quite complicated to beginners at first, but with practice this is solved very quickly. The game requires a lot of thinking, skills, strategies and arithmetic, and in part - a little luck. Depending on which version of the game is played, luck can be significant or negligible.
Mahjong is often played as a game of chance. The main goal of the game is to put together a complete set of a number of blocks, with players starting with 13 or 16 blocks. The first player to reach the goal of the game - wins.
Translated from Chinese, the name of the game Mahjong means sparrows or a flock of sparrows. That's why players are called Sparrow Keepers. The game is old and very famous in China, and in the late 19th century the American anthropologist Stuart Cullin saw the game and described it in his works. Thus, it first became known outside of China.
By the early 20th century, there were already guides to the rules of the game in many languages, including English, French, and even Japanese. A little later, a book by the writer Joseph Park Babcock was published, entitled The Rules of Maa Jong. It presents the rules of the earliest version of the game in America, but a little later these rules change and Babcock's book is forgotten.
However, this does not change the facts - Mahjong became a sensation in America in the 1920s and many merchants issued it under many different names.
Interesting fact is that in the board version of the game, its blocks can be used for other games and entertainment, such as arranging solitaire and even predicting the future. Blocks can easily replace playing cards.